Dillon County Ranks Near Bottom Of State In Child Well-Being

By Betsy Finklea
Dillon County ranks near the bottom of the state in a number of areas regarding child well-being, according to the 25th edition of the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Kids Count Data Book which was recently released.
The book features the latest data on this topic and many other interesting statistics about Dillon County and the state.
South Carolina, as a whole, ranked 45th in the nation in child well-being. The state remains in the bottom 10 percent of the country.

POPULATION
The total population in Dillon County (2012) is 31,446. Of these, 15,565 people are white; 14,838 people are black; and 832 are Hispanic people.
The total population includes 9,421 children who are under the age of 21. Of these, 3,892 are white children; 5,170 are black children; and 398 are Hispanic children.
A further breakdown shows:
Children under 1 Year of Age: 423 (162-white, 241-black, 25-Hispanic)
Children under 5 Years of Age: 2,265 (915-white, 1,254-black, 130-Hispanic)
Children under 10 Years of Age: 4,680 (1,938-white, 2,546-black, 255-Hispanic)
Children under 15 Years of Age: 6,887 (2,870-white, 3,742-black, 336-Hispanic)
Children under 18 Years of Age: 8,208 (3,411-white, 4,488-black, 353-Hispanic)
The total population in the state (2012) is 4,723,723. Of these, 3,266,812 are white; 1,351,898 are black; and 249,712 are Hispanic.
The state’s population includes 1, 283,998 children who are under the age of 21. There are 813,732 white children, 438,578 black children, and 100,699 Hispanic children included in this number.

INCOME
The median income for a family with a child in Dillon County falls far below the state level. From 2008-2012, the median income for a family with a child in Dillon County was $24,931 compared to $51,363 in the state.
In past years, the statistics were:
– 2007-2011: Dillon County – $23,791, South Carolina – $51,681
– 2006-2010: Dillon County – $25,962, South Carolina – $50,940
Dillon County’s annual unemployment rate is also well above the state average as it has been for several years. In 2012, the latest data provided in the report, the annual unemployment rate in Dillon County was 14.3 percent compared to 9.1 percent in the state.
For the period covering 2008-2012, 24.1 percent of Dillon County children under the age of 18 had no parent in the labor force in comparison with 9.2 percent statewide.
From 2007-2011, the Dillon County figure was 26.1 percent compared to 9.1 percent statewide, and from 2006-2010, this figure was 25.9 percent in Dillon County compared to 9.2 percent statewide.
The number of teenagers age 16-19 who are not attending school and who are not working in Dillon County is more than double the state average. In Dillon County, 20.2 percent of teenagers age 16-19 were not attending school and not working for the period covering 2008-2012. In the state for the same period, this figure was 9.1 percent. While remaining basically the same in the state the past six years, the number has steadily increased in Dillon County from 15.9 percent for 2006-2010 to 18.3 percent for 2007-2011.
The percent of owner-occupied housing units in which householders spend at least 30 percent of their income on housing (2008-2012) was 26.8 percent, down from 2007-2011 which was 27.2 percent. This is higher than the state figure of 25.1.

CHILDREN IN
POVERTY
The number of children in poverty in 2012 in Dillon County was 3,326 or 41 percent, which was down from the previous year. This number has been up and down since 2008.
Children in poverty in Dillon County statistics show the following:
2008 – 2,959 or 36.1 percent
2009 – 3,564 or 41.9 percent
2010 – 3,129 or 37.1 percent
2011 – 3,932 or 47.7 percent
2012 – 3,326 or 41.0 percent
Statewide, 285,674 children or 26.8 percent of children in South Carolina were in poverty in 2012. State statistics show:
2008 – 228,277 or 21.7 percent
2009 – 258,848 or 24.4 percent
2010 – 276,637 or 26.0 percent
2011 – 292,835 or 27.5percent
2012 – 285,674 or 26.8 percent
Dillon County had 46.4 percent of children living in areas of concentrated poverty in the period from 2008-2012. This was down from previous years. Consider the following:
2008-2012: 46.4 percent
2007-2011: 49.6 percent
2006-2010: 50.9 percent
This is much higher than children in the state. Children living in areas of concentrated poverty in South Carolina were:
2008-2012: 13.6 percent
2007-2011: 13.4 percent
2006-2010: 12.4 percent

EDUCATION/TESTING
Education and test scores are showing improvement in many areas. Consider the following data regarding the education and testing of Dillon County students:
*Cumulative Percent of Children Failing Grades 1, 2, or 3
2013 – 6.9 percent
2012 – 9.0 percent
2011 – 9.6 percent
2010 – 13.3 percent
2009 – 10.3 percent
*Percent of Third Graders Testing Below State Standards in Math
2013 – 34.3 percent
2012 – 37.6 percent
2011 – 30.3 percent
2010 – 31.1 percent
2009 – 38.2 percent
*Percent of Third Graders Testing Below State Standards in Reading
2013 – 18.5 percent
2012 – 31.4 percent
2011 – 26.0 percent
2010 – 22.2 percent
2009 – 27.0 percent
*Percent of Eighth Graders Testing Below State Standards in Math
2013 – 27.9 percent
2012 – 35.2 percent
2011 – 33.8 percent
2010 – 44.9 percent
2009 – 56.0 percent
*Percent of Eighth Graders Testing Below State Standards in Reading
2013 – 39.6percent
2012 – 41.4 percent
2011 – 48.0 percent
2010 – 52.5 percent
2009 – 53.9 percent
*Percent of Tenth Graders Failing One or More Parts of the Exit Exam on First Attempt
2013 – 18.2 percent
2012 – 17.2 percent
2011 – 19.1 percent
2010 – 25.6 percent
2009 – 40.0 percent
Dropouts were up in 2011-012 at 3.6 percent in Dillon County up from 1.1 percent in 2010-2011. Other statistics show:
2009-2010: 3.4 percent
2008-2009: 3.9 percent
2007-2008: 2.9 percent
The percentage of teens age 16-19 not enrolled in school and not a high school graduate in South Carolina from 2008-2012 in Dillon County was 10.7 percent compared to 6.0 percent in the state during this same period
The percentage of 18-24 year olds who had not completed high school from 2008-2012 in Dillon County was 23.2 percent.
The percentage of families where the household head lacks a high school diploma (2008-2012) in Dillon County is 25.7 percent compared to 13.4 percent in the state.

LIVE BIRTHS
The following are the statistics for Dillon County regarding live births:
*Live Births to Mothers under 18 (2012) – 6.4 percent
*Live Births to Mothers with Less than a High School Education (2012) – 31.6 percent
*Live Births to Single Mothers (Includes Paternity Acknowledged) (2012) – 71.4 percent
*Children Living in Single Parent Families (Decennial Census Series) (2010) – 50.4 percent
*Babies Born with Low Birth Weight by Race (2012)
Total – 11.9 percent
White – 8.8 percent
Black – 14.2 percent
*Babies Born to Mothers with less than Adequate Prenatal Care by Race (2012)
Total – 30.7 percent
White – 23.1 percent
Black -percent
*Births to Teens 15 to 19 Years of Age by Race (2012)
Total – Rate – 67.3
White – Rate – 68.3
Black – Rate – 67.8
*Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1,000 Live Births) by Race (2012)
Total – Rate – 6.9
White – Rate – 0.0
Black – Rate – 8.4
*Live Births by Race/Ethnicity (Number) (2012)
Total – 437
White – 182
Black – 239
Hispanic – 18
*Teen Girls Ages 14-17 Who Became Pregnant (2012) – 4.0 percent
Other Years Showed:
2011 – 3.1 percent
2010 – 4.5 percent
2009 – 3.7 percent
2008 – 3.9 percent

DEATHS
According to the report, there were no child deaths and no teen deaths in Dillon County in 2012.

CHILD ABUSE
AND NEGLECT
The following statistics regard child abuse and neglect in Dillon County for 2012.
Total Number of Founded Investigations for Child Abuse and Neglect – 79
Children with Founded Investigations for Child Abuse and Neglect – All Ages (0-17) – 2012 – 158 children
Children with Founded Child Maltreatments – All Ages (0-17) -2012 – 137 children
Child Abuse Investigations by Type of Referrals (Number) – 2012 – Total Referrals: 359
Accepted: 170
Indicated: 87

MOTOR VEHICLE
ACCIDENTS/INJURIES
Consider the following:
Non-fatal Injuries of Children Due to Traffic Motor Vehicle Accidents (Number) – 2012 – All ages 0-21 – 445
Non-fatal Injuries of Children Due to Non-Traffic Motor Vehicle Accidents (Number) – 2012 – All ages 0-21 – 24

JUVENILES/COURT
The percent of juveniles ages 15-17 referred to court in Dillon County are:
2004 – 7.8 percent
2002 – 6.7 percent
2000 – 7.9 percent
1990 – 6.5 percent
1982 – 3.1 percent
Statewide, this number was 6.2 percent in 2004.

MORE INFORMATION
For more information, please visit www.scchildren.org.